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Choosing The Right Business Structure for Foreigners in Bali

Setting foot in the dynamic business landscape of Bali, a destination that seamlessly blends stunning landscapes with thriving commerce, holds immense promise for entrepreneurs. The journey towards establishing a business in Bali involves crucial decisions and selecting the appropriate business structure.



There are three options available to foreign investors – Foreign-owned Limited Liability Company (PT PMA), Joint Venture (JV), and Representative Office – that empower you to make an informed choice tailored to your unique circumstances.


1. Foreign-owned Limited Liability Company / PT PMA


When talking about Foreign Owned Limited Liability Companies / PT PMA this is the most common option for foreigners who want to open a business in Bali. A PT PMA is a company that is wholly owned by foreigners. The minimum investment requirement for a PT PMA is IDR 10 billion (around USD 700,000) with several advantages such as the foreigner can directly hold shares in the company and control the business operational, many business sectors do not require an Indonesian partner, privileges in obtaining KITAS and work permits for foreign shareholder who also role as a Directors/Commissioners, granting more autonomy and flexibility to engage in a broad spectrum of legal business activities.


2. Joint Venture / JV


This is a business partnership between a foreign company and an Indonesian company.


The JV has the advantage that if it has an Indonesian partner, Indonesian partners bring invaluable local expertise and knowledge to the table, access to the partner's network and insights can be a competitive advantage, and assistance in navigating Indonesian bureaucratic intricacies enhances the ease of doing business.


3. Representative Office


A representative office is a non-commercial entity that can be used to conduct market research, networking, and other activities that do not generate revenue. Representative offices do not have the same legal status as a subsidiary or branch office, and they are not allowed to engage in any business activities that would compete with a local company.


When determining the suitable business structure, considering both the immediate and long-term objectives is paramount. To make a well-informed decision, aspiring entrepreneurs should evaluate:


· The nature of the intended business.

· The scale of the financial investment.

· The overarching goals for the business.

· Familiarity with Indonesian business law.

· The budget allocated for the venture.


Staying current with Indonesia's evolving business regulations is essential. The landscape is dynamic, and regulations may undergo changes that impact your chosen structure. Seeking professional counsel from legal experts well-versed in Indonesian business law is an indispensable step to navigating this journey.


Our law firm stands ready to provide a comprehensive consultation to empower your business aspirations. Our experienced team can guide you through the intricacies of the different business structures, helping you make an informed decision that aligns with your goals.


Contact us today to set your business on a solid foundation in Bali.

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